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Our belief is that no one is illegal
The Secretary of the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) may designate a foreign country for Temporary Protected Status (TPS) due to conditions in that country that prevent citizens of the country from returning to their country temporarily safely. USCIS may grant TPS to eligible nationals of certain countries (or parts of countries) who are already in the United States. Eligible individuals who do not have a nationality and whose last residence was the designated country may also obtain TPS.
The Secretary of DHS may designate a country for TPS due to the following temporary conditions:
Ongoing armed conflict (such as a civil war)
A natural disaster (such as an earthquake or hurricane) or an epidemic
Other extraordinary and temporary conditions.
During the designated period, individuals who are TPS beneficiaries or who have been found to be preliminarily eligible for TPS during the initial review of their cases (prima facie eligible, or first-intention eligible):
They will not be removed from the United States
They can obtain an Employment Authorization Document (EAD)
They can get a travel authorization.
Once TPS is granted, a person also cannot be detained by DHS because of their immigration status in the United States.
TPS is a temporary benefit that does not lead to lawful permanent resident status or confer any other immigration status. However, registering for TPS does not prevent you from:
Apply for nonimmigrant status.
Filing an Adjustment of Status Application based on an immigrant petition
Request any other immigration benefit or protection for which you may be eligible.
Please note that in order to obtain any other immigration benefit you must meet all the eligibility requirements for that particular benefit. An application for TPS does not affect an application for asylum or any other immigration benefit, or vice versa. The denial of an application for asylum or any other immigration benefit does not affect your ability to register for TPS, even though the grounds for denying that application could also lead to a denial of TPS.